Articles tagged with: sopep

Deep Water Collaboration

pcsopep - deepwater

Recently, on 2017, the international company Royal Dutch Shell and Petrobras signed an agreement of understanding to establish a long-term mutual collaboration in the development of pre-salt fields in Brazil. By signing this memorandum Shell will benefit from technical solutions, contract management experience and cost-effective initiatives that Petrobras applies to pre and post-salt projects in Brazil.

On the other hand, Shell will share its experience in deep waters around the world, with special emphasis on cost efficiency efforts and the use of technology. The Memorandum of Understanding also includes the exchange of best practices on security and governance management, technical and operational solutions, contract management, logistics, well construction and air transport security.

The meeting was attended by important people from both companies, the document was signed by Shell CEO Ben Van Beurden and Petrobras CEO Pedro Parente. This meeting took place during a visit by Petrobras executives to the headquarters of Shell.

The signature of the agreement has a validity of five and can be renewed at the end of that time. Shell is Petrobras’ strategic partner in the pre-salt, with minority interests in the Libra and Lula fields, as well as other important areas such as Sapinho√°, Lapa and Lara, all in the Santos Basin.

It is recalled that in May, Shell, through its subsidiary BG E & P Brazil and partners of the consortium in Lula South, started production of deep water in the P-66 FPSO. Where positioning was achieved at a water depth of 2,150 meters, the P-66 has a capacity to process up to 150,000 barrels of oil and six million cubic meters of natural gas per day.

The FPSO is the first of a series of standardized vessels operated by Petrobras to begin production within the BM-S- 11 block consortium and the seventh to produce within the consortium in general. On the other hand, the P-66 is the tenth deep water FPSO in operation through Shell’s working interest in the pre-salt areas of the Santos Basin. Shell also operates two additional FPSOs offshore in Brazil.

Shell is an internationally recognized company and operates throughout the world with various markets in the maritime industry. In the case of Shell’s deep water business also extends to the Gulf of Mexico, Nigeria and Malaysia and worldwide, it produces an estimated 725,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day (boe /d) and production is expected to reach approximately 900, boe / early 2020s of areas already discovered and established.



SOPEP – Oil Spill Prevention Plan



Oil is one of the foundations of the current world economy, most countries use this natural product from the subsoil to develop different advantages in variety of derivatives, such as gasoline, through its refinement. Part of the business is to export and import oil in its various presentations and as part of its transfer is necessary the use of shipping.

Oil is sectored on the planet, so it is not everywhere, which is why it is necessary to do excavations in different places and this implies that you have to resort to various types of transport and that in the middle of the transfers is the possibility of accidents occurring by errors and mishaps causing pollution and spills.

So what happens when there is oil spill or black tide? This hydrocarbon spill occurs mainly due to an accident due to improper practice, this causes environmental pollution especially in the sea. These spills attack the ecosystem and cause serious damages to the fauna and the fishing where the incident occurred, in addition it can generate effects in the coasts that endure in the time, also some penalties are involved.

After the hydrocarbon spill on the sea surface, it is necessary to clean as soon as possible to avoid further damage to the ecosystem and spill spreading. Then some of the lost oil is collected. The cost of cleaning up the oil spill depends on the quantity and quality of the oil spilled into the sea.

Costs are calculated based on factors of legal claims, money paid in penalties, oil loss, repairs and cleaning. In addition the most serious effects such as damage on marine loss and human health are incalculable.

Fortunately there is a prevention plan to avoid marine pollution and species loss. This plan is carried on board by most cruise ships and cargo ships, this is known as SOPEP or emergency plan for oil pollution of the ship.

This emergency plan includes a set of standards and guidelines established by the International Maritime Organization under the MEPC (Marine Environment Protection Committee). The crude tonnage requirement for oil tankers, according to SOPEP, is reduced to 150 GT since oil doubles the risk of oil pollution.

The plan contains the following guidelines:

  • Duties of each crew member at the time of the spill, including meeting and emergency actions.
  • SOPEP contains general information about the ship and its owner.
  • Steps and procedures for the discharge of oil into the sea using SOPEP
  • In the plan describes the procedure and notification requirement in case of oil spills.
  • The authorities must notify port state control, oil cleaning equipment, etc.
  • SOPEP includes the drawing of several fuel lines along with other oil lines on board the ship with positioning of the ventilation grilles, storing the trays, etc.
  • Also in the SOPEP is the general layout of the ship, which includes the location of all oil tanks with capacity, content, etc.
  • The location of the SOPEP closet and the contents inside the closet with an inventory list.